Emily Skivington | 8 November 2023
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As summer bids farewell and autumn takes its turn, the natural world undergoes a captivating transformation. The once vibrant greens of summer give way to a dazzling array of fiery hues, as leaves morph into shades of gold, crimson, and amber. The air becomes crisp and invigorating, carrying with it the earthy scent of decaying leaves and damp soil.

Autumn is a time of abundance and change, as plants and animals prepare for the approaching winter. It is a season of beauty and intrigue, offering a wealth of natural wonders to those who venture outdoors.


Changing leaves

The most iconic symbol of autumn is undoubtedly the changing leaves. As the days shorten and temperatures cool, trees begin to break down their chlorophyll, revealing the other pigments that are present in their leaves. This results in a breathtaking spectacle of colour, as forests are transformed into a patchwork of gold, orange, red, and purple.

Autumn fruits and berries

Autumn is a bountiful time for fruits and berries. Hawthorn berries, sloes, elderberries, and blackberries all ripen during this season, providing a feast for both humans and wildlife. These fruits are not only delicious, but they are also packed with nutrients, helping to sustain animals through the winter months.


Fungi are another abundant and fascinating aspect of the autumnal landscape. As the warm, moist conditions of summer give way to the cooler, drier conditions of autumn, a wide variety of fungi emerge from the forest floor. These fungi play an important role in decomposing organic matter, and they can be found in a dazzling array of shapes, sizes, and colours.


Migrating birds

As the days shorten and food becomes scarce, many bird species begin to migrate to warmer climates. This is a spectacular time to observe large flocks of birds soaring through the skies, as they make their way to their wintering grounds. Some of the bird species that can be seen migrating in the UK during autumn include swallows, house martins, and geese.

Rutting deer

Autumn is the rutting season for deer, as stags compete for the right to mate with does. This can be a noisy and boisterous time, as stags roar and clash antlers in an attempt to assert their dominance. Red deer are the largest land mammals in the UK, and their rutting calls can be heard echoing through the forests for miles around.

Hibernating animals

As the weather gets colder, some animals begin to hibernate. This is a state of deep dormancy, in which the animal’s metabolism slows down and its body temperature drops. Hibernating animals typically live off stored fat reserves during the winter months. Some of the animals that hibernate in the UK include hedgehogs, bats, and dormice.

Natural wonders

Autumn mists

Autumn mornings are often shrouded in mist, creating an ethereal and otherworldly atmosphere. As the sun rises, the mist gradually burns off, revealing the landscape in a soft and enchanting light.

Autumnal sunrises and sunsets

The lower angle of the sun in the autumn sky creates stunning sunrises and sunsets. The sky is often awash with colour, as the sun’s rays are filtered through the atmosphere.

Autumn is a truly magical time of year, when the natural world is ablaze with colour and change. By taking the time to explore the outdoors during this season, you can discover a wealth of beauty and wonder. So get out there and enjoy the spectacle of autumn!

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